27 February 2020

Schematism and Statistics • Schematismus und Statistik




Very large file, please allow adequate time for downloading!

David Levine: "I wanted to share with the group [Gesher Galicia] a resource which might be of interest. [...] The reason for sharing is that it is a very interesting historical and biographical resource for understanding the agricultural economy that our ancestors lived in and the people who worked and owned in it. The book lists not only the estates of the nobility but also those of smaller owners. The gazetteer lists the names of the owners as well as the people who worked in the management of the estates. It is a combination of geographical, biographical and agricultural information all of which is of interest from a genealogical context point of view. As Galicia [Bukovina] was in the Habsburg empire, Jews were far more free to participate in the agricultural economy. The names of some of the owners and those working on the estates are clearly Jewish. I got the book on inter-library loan as microfilm from University of Illinois and spent the day at the main San Francisco Public Library scanning each of the 750+ pages. As such the scans are pictures not OCR text that can be searched (sorry). […] What makes these easy to approach for research is that there are thorough indexes that start for


• Besitzer (owner name) on PDF page 690

• Beamten (officials who work on the estate) on PDF page 718
• Pächter (tenants/lessee names) on PDF page 727

The gazetteer is alphabetical by owner name. The list of estates are ordered by:

   
Galicia [PDF page 4]

same as below

Bukowina [PDF page 654]

Fideikommiss und Allodial (Landtäefliche) Güter
(entailed and landed estates) by name of owner

a) Weltliche (secular)

b) Geistliche (spiritual/church owned)
c) Stiftungsgüter (foundation/monastery owned)

d) Staats, Landes- und Gemeindegüter (state, province and community estates)

[...]

Happy to answer any questions."


David Levine
davidelevine@gmail.com
San Francisco, CA

27 January 2020

"He spoke Yiddish like a Jew": Neighbors' Contribution to the Mass Killing of Jews in Northern Bukovina and Bessasrabia, July 1941




Dr. Simon Geissbühler (Romania and the Holocaust: Events Contexts Aftermath, ibidem, 2016): Holocaust memory in Romania as well as in those areas controlled by Romania during the Second World War which are now part of Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova is fragile, fragmented, and often guided by a semi-passive attitude of wanting-not-to-know. […] A big gap exists between public knowledge about the Holocaust and scholarly research. Large parts of the Romanian population as well as people now living in those places where atrocities were perpetrated by Romanians do not want to know. Most traces of Jewish life before the Holocaust and of the Holocaust itself have been neglected or even erased. Jewish cemeteries in Northern Bukovina, southwestern Ukraine, and the Republic of Moldova are often in a state of neglect. Very few synagogues still exist, and most have long since been destroyed or converted for other purposes. Mass graves are difficult to locate and most often not even recorded on maps. There are only very few and no new Jewish or Holocaust museums in these regions. […] There are some positive countertrends, however, but it is too early to speak about a strong wind of change when it comes to Holocaust memory in present-day Romania.




Courtesy: Oxford Academic Press • Holocaust and Genocide Studies

07 December 2019

A Short History of the Jews from Radautz • O scurtă istorie a evreilor din Rădăuți



Daniel Hrenciuc: The Mosaic community of Rădăuți is among the oldest and most representative in Historical Bukovina. It was established in a similar manner to all other Jewish communities, such as the ones in Chernivtsi, Suceava, Siret, Gura Humorului, Câmpulung Moldovenesc or Vatra Dornei. The Jewish community’s dynamic role in the economy was appreciated and acknowledged by the local authorities. At the same time, Habsburg authorities wanted to colonize Bukovina and develop its economic, industrial and commercial potential.



Courtesy: Bondy Stenzler

18 November 2019

Rumänien und der Holocaust • Romania and the Holocaust



Mariana Hausleitner: "During the 1990s, some Romanian politicians and journalists demanded that Ion Antonescu, the 'State Leader' from 1940 to 1944, should be rehabilitated. Antonescu had been executed as a war criminal in 1946. Now, some historians were claiming that in 1942, he had not turned over Romania’s Jews to the SS. Yet previously, tens of thousands of Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina had been killed after he had ordered them to be deported. During the Romanian occupation of Transnistria, over a hundred thousand Ukrainian Jews had been murdered. Serious academic research into these violent excesses did not begin in Romania until after 2005."


Courtesy: Osteuropa  Prof. Dr. Mariana Hausleitner

13 October 2019

Bukovina Under Austrian Administration 1775-1875 • Die Bukowina unter österreichischer Verwaltung 1775-1875



Hieronymus Franciscus van Drunen ["A Sanguine Bunch" • Regional Identification in Habsburg Bukovina, 1774-1919]: Writings with an Ideological Agenda. By stating 'We only wanted to highlight part of the successes and the apparent run of events through facts, which in turn explain the gratitude with which the commemorating population these days solemnises the centenary of the country's linkage with Austria', legal historian Hermann Ignaz Bidermann completed his 'Bukovina under Austrian Administration 1775- 1875'. By 1875, many of the conditions in Bukovina described by the first Austrian envoys had changed dramatically: the aftermath of the 1848 revolutions had accelerated the process of Bukovinian disengagement from Galicia and had eventually led to independent crownland status. Immigration had continued and urbanisation had taken root, especially in Czernowitz and to a lesser extent in the towns of Suczawa and Radautz. National consciousness among the elites of Romanian and Ruthenian speakers was on the rise and was to be enhanced by the founding of the Franz Joseph University in 1875. […] Not only were the publications by Bidermann and [Adolf] Ficker ['Centenary of the Unification of Bukovina with Austria' • 'Hundertjahrfeier der Vereinigung der Bukowina mit Österreich'] the first works for a larger audience dealing with Austrian Bukovina, they also specifically aimed at glorifying the Austrian achievements on the occasion of an anniversary which in the eyes of Romanian nationalists was no reason to celebrate to begin with. […]

Courtesy: GoogleBooks

30 September 2019

A Journey Through the Ukrainian-Jewish Encounter • From Antiquity to 1914




UJE: This exhibition takes us on a journey through the thousand-year encounter of Jews and Ukrainians, their experience under changing political regimes and interactions with other peoples. It is a story of long periods of normal co-existence and cultural cross-fertilization, and of times of crisis.


Lecture: UJE Co-Director Alti Rodal, "Excerpts from a 2001 Interview with Yosef Burg", International Commemorative Conference of Yiddish Language and Culture, Chernivtsi, 7 August 2018.

Courtesy: Ukrainian Jewish Encounter

05 August 2019

The "Jewish Question" in Romanian Military Documents. 1941-1944 • "Chestiunea evreiască" în documente militare române. 1941-1944




Michelle Mazel: "It is doubtful whether there would have been a significant change in Rumanian public opinion had it not been for the country's earnest wish to join the European Union. Because of their EU candidacy the country's rulers reluctantly came to the conclusion that Rumania would have to make a more thorough investigation of what happened to the Jews and even open its archives to foreign researchers. …"

Courtesy: Elena Dagan on Academia