07 December 2019

A Short History of the Jews from Radautz • O scurtă istorie a evreilor din Rădăuți

Daniel Hrenciuc: The Mosaic community of Rădăuți is among the oldest and most representative in Historical Bukovina. It was established in a similar manner to all other Jewish communities, such as the ones in Chernivtsi, Suceava, Siret, Gura Humorului, Câmpulung Moldovenesc or Vatra Dornei. The Jewish community’s dynamic role in the economy was appreciated and acknowledged by the local authorities. At the same time, Habsburg authorities wanted to colonize Bukovina and develop its economic, industrial and commercial potential.

Courtesy: Bondy Stenzler

18 November 2019

Rumänien und der Holocaust • Romania and the Holocaust

Mariana Hausleitner: "During the 1990s, some Romanian politicians and journalists demanded that Ion Antonescu, the 'State Leader' from 1940 to 1944, should be rehabilitated. Antonescu had been executed as a war criminal in 1946. Now, some historians were claiming that in 1942, he had not turned over Romania’s Jews to the SS. Yet previously, tens of thousands of Jews from Bessarabia and Bukovina had been killed after he had ordered them to be deported. During the Romanian occupation of Transnistria, over a hundred thousand Ukrainian Jews had been murdered. Serious academic research into these violent excesses did not begin in Romania until after 2005."

Courtesy: Osteuropa  Prof. Dr. Mariana Hausleitner

13 October 2019

Bukovina Under Austrian Administration 1775-1875 • Die Bukowina unter österreichischer Verwaltung 1775-1875

Hieronymus Franciscus van Drunen ["A Sanguine Bunch" • Regional Identification in Habsburg Bukovina, 1774-1919]: Writings with an Ideological Agenda. By stating 'We only wanted to highlight part of the successes and the apparent run of events through facts, which in turn explain the gratitude with which the commemorating population these days solemnises the centenary of the country's linkage with Austria', legal historian Hermann Ignaz Bidermann completed his 'Bukovina under Austrian Administration 1775- 1875'. By 1875, many of the conditions in Bukovina described by the first Austrian envoys had changed dramatically: the aftermath of the 1848 revolutions had accelerated the process of Bukovinian disengagement from Galicia and had eventually led to independent crownland status. Immigration had continued and urbanisation had taken root, especially in Czernowitz and to a lesser extent in the towns of Suczawa and Radautz. National consciousness among the elites of Romanian and Ruthenian speakers was on the rise and was to be enhanced by the founding of the Franz Joseph University in 1875. […] Not only were the publications by Bidermann and [Adolf] Ficker ['Centenary of the Unification of Bukovina with Austria' • 'Hundertjahrfeier der Vereinigung der Bukowina mit Österreich'] the first works for a larger audience dealing with Austrian Bukovina, they also specifically aimed at glorifying the Austrian achievements on the occasion of an anniversary which in the eyes of Romanian nationalists was no reason to celebrate to begin with. […]

Courtesy: GoogleBooks

30 September 2019

A Journey Through the Ukrainian-Jewish Encounter • From Antiquity to 1914

UJE: This exhibition takes us on a journey through the thousand-year encounter of Jews and Ukrainians, their experience under changing political regimes and interactions with other peoples. It is a story of long periods of normal co-existence and cultural cross-fertilization, and of times of crisis.

Lecture: UJE Co-Director Alti Rodal, "Excerpts from a 2001 Interview with Yosef Burg", International Commemorative Conference of Yiddish Language and Culture, Chernivtsi, 7 August 2018.

Courtesy: Ukrainian Jewish Encounter

05 August 2019

The "Jewish Question" in Romanian Military Documents. 1941-1944 • "Chestiunea evreiască" în documente militare române. 1941-1944

Michelle Mazel: "It is doubtful whether there would have been a significant change in Rumanian public opinion had it not been for the country's earnest wish to join the European Union. Because of their EU candidacy the country's rulers reluctantly came to the conclusion that Rumania would have to make a more thorough investigation of what happened to the Jews and even open its archives to foreign researchers. …"

Courtesy: Elena Dagan on Academia

14 July 2019

Nazi Empire-Building and the Holocaust in Ukraine

UNC PRESS: "On 16 July 1941, Adolf Hitler convened top Nazi leaders at his headquarters in East Prussia to dictate how they would rule the newly occupied eastern territories. Ukraine, the 'jewel' in the Nazi empire, would become a German colony administered by Heinrich Himmler's SS and police, Hermann Göring's economic plunderers, and a host of other satraps. Focusing on the Zhytomyr region and weaving together official German wartime records, diaries, memoirs, and personal interviews, Wendy Lower provides the most complete assessment available of German colonization and the Holocaust in Ukraine. Midlevel 'managers,' Lower demonstrates, played major roles in mass murder, and locals willingly participated in violence and theft. Lower puts names and faces to local perpetrators, bystanders, beneficiaries, as well as resisters. She argues that Nazi actions in the region evolved from imperial arrogance and ambition; hatred of Jews, Slavs, and Communists; careerism and pragmatism; greed and fear. In her analysis of the murderous implementation of Nazi 'race' and population policy in Zhytomyr, Lower shifts scholarly attention from Germany itself to the eastern outposts of the Reich, where the regime truly revealed its core beliefs, aims, and practices."

Courtesy: The University of North Carolina Press

30 June 2019

Nostallergie - Die Czernowitzer Inkongruenzkompensationskompetenz • Nostallergy - The Czernowitzer Incongruence Compensation Competence

Martin A. Hainz: Czernowitz in retrospect: urban legend and legend of the urban. This was said to be exemplary there, as well as an ironically fractured enlightenment and, finally, multiculturalism. The most diverse ethnic groups, conceptions of life and speech communities lived together in harmony. Who says that and why? Is this to be the first story that was told sine ira et studio? This is to be answered in this paper as well as the question what Czernowitz has been. In order to do so, the author draws upon diverse readings such as Paul Celan‘s.

Courtesy: Center for Area Studies • Freie Universität Berlin / Kakanien Revisited