14 July 2020

Jewish Cemeteries, Synagogues, and Mass Grave Sites in Ukraine

Wikipedia: Samuel D. Gruber is an American art and architectural historian and historic preservationist. He has written extensively on the architecture of the synagogue and is an expert and activist in the documentation, protection and preservation of historic Jewish sites and monuments. He was born in Norristown, Pennsylvania and lives in Syracuse, New York. […] In the decade and a half following the fall of Communism in Central and Eastern Europe (1990-2005), Gruber organized and supervised for the World Monuments Fund and the U.S. Commission more than a dozen countrywide surveys of cultural heritage sites of significance to religious and ethnic minorities. These identified, mostly for the first time, thousands of previously unrecognized and undocumented synagogues, churches, mosques, cemeteries and Holocaust-related sites, almost all of which were visited and by survey teams that described their condition. These projects included full or partial surveys of Jewish sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, The Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Ukraine; Roma sites in Poland; Old Believers sites in Lithuania; and Protestant Christian and Muslim sites in Bulgaria.

31 May 2020

Pharus Map Czernowitz 1913 • Pharus Plan Czernowitz 1913

Czernowitz Pharus Map. Bukowinaer Vereinsdruckerei commissioned an overview map of Czernowitz from the Pharus Printing House in Berlin. The map goes on sale at the extremely low price of 1 [Austro-Hungarian] Krone. It is available at all book stores [and of course for free download at Edgar Hauster's Czernowitz Book Corner].

Bukowinaer Nachrichten, 13.01.1913
Bukowinaer Nachrichten, 19. Januar 1913

Please check the bilingual (German/Romanian) version of this map inculding street finder - at: Internet Portal of the dtmb Project

29 April 2020

Jewish Cemetery of Chernivtsi

Publication was made in the framework of EVS project of Karolina Koziura, organized by ‘SVIT-Ukraine’ and ‘One World Association’ in cooperation with Christian Herrmann, ‘Chernivtsi Museum of Bukovinian Jewish History and Culture’, municipality and Jewish community of Chernivtsi, ‘The Czernowitz Jewish Cemetery Restoration Organization’ (CJCRO) and the Faculty of Jewish Culture and History, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin.

GPS: N 048°17′36.4 E 025°57′29.6 • AREA: 115,847 sq m = 11.60 ha

Courtesy: Karolina Koziura at ACADEMIAESJF European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative

31 March 2020

Mykhailivka: Camp to Village

Yahad-In Unum: "Selma Meerbaum-Eisinger, a Romanian-Jewish poet, was born in 1924 in Czernowitz in Romania, present-day Chernivtsi, Ukraine to a Jewish family. In [1941], upon the German occupation of the region, her family was forced to move to the city’s ghetto. The following year, they were deported to the labor camp of Michailowka in Ukraine, a site where Yahad has conducted research and where Selma ultimately perished after contracting typhus. Decades after her death, her collection of poems describing beauty found amidst a landscape of death were discovered and published. Her poems speak to the notion of creative resistance in the Holocaust—the idea that the spirit can rebel through art. In her last letter to a friend from the Michailowka camp, Selma still wrote of how art could be used to comprehend her experience: 'I have been here less than three months and I imagine that I will surely go out of my mind. Especially in these unspeakably bright and white nights that overflow with longing. Sing sometimes, late at night, when you are alone: Poljushka. Perhaps you will understand my frame of mind…Of course, one bears it anyway. One endures, although one things again and again: Now, now it is too much.' (Harvest of Blossoms: Poems from a Life Cut Short)"

Courtesy: Yahad-In Unum

27 February 2020

Schematism and Statistics • Schematismus und Statistik

Very large file, please allow adequate time for downloading!

David Levine: "I wanted to share with the group [Gesher Galicia] a resource which might be of interest. [...] The reason for sharing is that it is a very interesting historical and biographical resource for understanding the agricultural economy that our ancestors lived in and the people who worked and owned in it. The book lists not only the estates of the nobility but also those of smaller owners. The gazetteer lists the names of the owners as well as the people who worked in the management of the estates. It is a combination of geographical, biographical and agricultural information all of which is of interest from a genealogical context point of view. As Galicia [Bukovina] was in the Habsburg empire, Jews were far more free to participate in the agricultural economy. The names of some of the owners and those working on the estates are clearly Jewish. I got the book on inter-library loan as microfilm from University of Illinois and spent the day at the main San Francisco Public Library scanning each of the 750+ pages. As such the scans are pictures not OCR text that can be searched (sorry). […] What makes these easy to approach for research is that there are thorough indexes that start for

• Besitzer (owner name) on PDF page 690

• Beamten (officials who work on the estate) on PDF page 718
• Pächter (tenants/lessee names) on PDF page 727

The gazetteer is alphabetical by owner name. The list of estates are ordered by:

Galicia [PDF page 4]

same as below

Bukowina [PDF page 654]

Fideikommiss und Allodial (Landtäefliche) Güter
(entailed and landed estates) by name of owner

a) Weltliche (secular)

b) Geistliche (spiritual/church owned)
c) Stiftungsgüter (foundation/monastery owned)

d) Staats, Landes- und Gemeindegüter (state, province and community estates)


Happy to answer any questions."

David Levine
San Francisco, CA

27 January 2020

"He spoke Yiddish like a Jew": Neighbors' Contribution to the Mass Killing of Jews in Northern Bukovina and Bessasrabia, July 1941

Dr. Simon Geissbühler (Romania and the Holocaust: Events Contexts Aftermath, ibidem, 2016): Holocaust memory in Romania as well as in those areas controlled by Romania during the Second World War which are now part of Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova is fragile, fragmented, and often guided by a semi-passive attitude of wanting-not-to-know. […] A big gap exists between public knowledge about the Holocaust and scholarly research. Large parts of the Romanian population as well as people now living in those places where atrocities were perpetrated by Romanians do not want to know. Most traces of Jewish life before the Holocaust and of the Holocaust itself have been neglected or even erased. Jewish cemeteries in Northern Bukovina, southwestern Ukraine, and the Republic of Moldova are often in a state of neglect. Very few synagogues still exist, and most have long since been destroyed or converted for other purposes. Mass graves are difficult to locate and most often not even recorded on maps. There are only very few and no new Jewish or Holocaust museums in these regions. […] There are some positive countertrends, however, but it is too early to speak about a strong wind of change when it comes to Holocaust memory in present-day Romania.

Courtesy: Oxford Academic Press • Holocaust and Genocide Studies

07 December 2019

A Short History of the Jews from Radautz • O scurtă istorie a evreilor din Rădăuți

Daniel Hrenciuc: The Mosaic community of Rădăuți is among the oldest and most representative in Historical Bukovina. It was established in a similar manner to all other Jewish communities, such as the ones in Chernivtsi, Suceava, Siret, Gura Humorului, Câmpulung Moldovenesc or Vatra Dornei. The Jewish community’s dynamic role in the economy was appreciated and acknowledged by the local authorities. At the same time, Habsburg authorities wanted to colonize Bukovina and develop its economic, industrial and commercial potential.

Courtesy: Bondy Stenzler